World War I American aviators and pilots

United States Air Service

USAS History
Summary 1917-1918
Lafayette Escadrille
N.124/Spa.124
1st Observation
1st, 12th, 50th, 88th
1st Pursuit Group
27th, 94th, 95th, 147th
1st Bombardment
96th, 11th, 20th
2nd Pursuit Group
13th, 22nd, 49th, 139th
3rd Pursuit Group
28th, 93rd, 103rd, 213th
4th Pursuit Group
17th, 148th, 25th, 141st
5th Pursuit Group
41st, 138th, 638th
3rd Air Park
255th
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Aircraft

World War I fighter planes, bombers and observation planes Nieuport 28 Spad VII Spad XIII Fokker Dr.1 Albatros D.Va Fokker D.VII
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American WWI Air Force OOB

The following American air units were at the Western Front as of September 12, 1918, according to Gorrell's. There were also several Balloon Wing Companies on the front as well.

  1. First Army
  2. 1st Pursuit Group - 27th, 94th, 95th, 147th and 185th Aero Squadrons
  3. 1st Pursuit Wing - 2nd Pursuit Group, 3rd Pursuit Group, 1st Day Bombardment Group
  4. 2nd Pursuit Group - 13th, 22nd, 49th and 139th Aero Squadrons
  5. 3rd Pursuit Group - 28th, 93rd, 103rd, 213th Aero Squadrons
  6. 1st Day Bombardment Group - 96th, 11th, 20th, 166th Aero Squadrons
  7. Army Observation Group - 9th, 24th, 91st Aero Squadrons
  8. Corps Observation Wing - Observation Group 1st AC, Observation Group 4th AC, Observation Group 5th AC
  9. Observation Group 1st AC - 1st, 12th and 50th Aero Squadrons
  10. Observation Group 4th AC - 8th, 135th and 90th Aero Squadrons
  11. Observation Group 5th AC - 99th and 104th Aero Squadrons
  12. Observation Group 3rd AC - 88th Aero Squadron
  13. Observation Group 7th AC - 258th Aero Squadron
  14. With British Expeditionary Force - Trans. Flt. 92nd, 148th, 17th and 1st Obs. Flight of 183rd Aero Squadrons

American WWI Air Force Group Summaries

Please note that these are not exact and will be filled in as we run across the information. Also all dates unless otherwise specified are for 1918 upto November 11th, 1918, which was the end of the war. Casualty figures are from Gorrell's, roll 12, page 483 and cover August 20th to November 11th, 1918. During this period, the Germans shot down 199 American airplanes and 22 American balloons. The locations below are not complete. Dates shown are arrival dates. Dates preceded by an "*" indicate that the group was at the named location during that time, but that I have not yet found the arrival date.

1st Pursuit Group

  1. Squadrons: 27th, 94th, 95th and 147th Aero Squadrons, later joined by 185th and 218th Aero Squadrons
  2. Locations: Epiez (Apr. 1), Toul (Apr. 7), Touquin (June 26), Saints (July 9), Rambercourt (September 1)
  3. Aircraft: Nieuport 28, transitioned to Spad XIII in July and August; 185th Aero Squadron operated Salmson
  4. KIA: 26
  5. Wounded: 11
  6. Missing: 19
  7. Prisoner: 0
  8. Notes: Group started in April, 1918. 27th and 147th attached in June, 185th in October. 94th's leader was Rickenbacker with 26 kills. Frank Luke (18 kills) and Joe Werner (6 kills) served with the 27th.
  9. Victories: 27th: 45; 94th: 66.5; 95th: 48.5; 147th: 31; 185th: 0;**
  10. Casualties: 27th: 22; 94th: 18?; 95th: 19?; 147th: 10; 185th: 3;**

2nd Pursuit Group

  1. Squadrons: 13th, 22nd, 49th and 139th Aero Squadrons
  2. Locations: Chaumont (?), Toul (* Sept. 4)
  3. Aircraft: Spad XIII
  4. KIA: 10
  5. Wounded: 1
  6. Missing: 30
  7. Prisoner: 0

3rd Pursuit Group

  1. Squadrons: 28th, 93rd, 103rd, 213th Aero Squadrons
  2. Locations: Chaumont (?), Vaucouleurs (* Sept. 4), Lisle-en-Barrois (***)
  3. Aircraft: Spad VII for 28th; rest with Spad XIII. By October 31*, 28th was operating Spad XIIIs as well.
  4. KIA: 9
  5. Wounded: 9
  6. Missing: 24
  7. Prisoner: 0
  8. Notes: 103rd Aero Squadron was formerlly N.124 and then Spa 124, better known as the Escadrille Lafayette when it was part of the Armee de l'Air Francais (French Air Force).

1st Day Bombardment Group

  1. Squadrons: 96th, 11th, 20th, 166th Aero Squadrons
  2. Locations: Chaumont (?), Amanty (spelling?) (* Sept. 4)
  3. Aircraft: 96th operated the Breguet B. The rest were operating DH4-Bs.
  4. KIA: 14
  5. Wounded: 26
  6. Missing: 41
  7. Prisoner: 15
  8. Notes: Group name changed to Night Recon, Day Bombing Group by September 4*.

Army Observation Group

  1. Squadrons: 9th, 24th, 91st Aero Squadrons
  2. Locations: Gondreville (* Sept. 4)
  3. Aircraft: 9th operated Breguet OB; other two operated Salmsons. 91st had two Spad XIIIs by Oct. 31. 24th had 1 Liberty and 91st had 2 Liberty by Oct. 31 in addition to Salmsons.
  4. KIA: 7
  5. Wounded: 12
  6. Missing: 16
  7. Prisoner: 0
  8. Notes: 9th Aero Squadron transfered to Night Recon, Day Bombarding Group by September 4*.

Observation Group 1st AC

  1. Squadrons: 1st, 12th and 50th Aero Squadrons
  2. Locations: ?, Saints (June 26), Franchville (July 7), Moras Ferme east of La Ferte sous Jourre (July 22), May en Multien north of Meaux (August 2), Coincy west of Fere en Tardenoise (August 10), Chailly en Brie near Coulommiers (August 12), Toul (* Sept. 4), Remicourt Someille
  3. Aircraft: Salmson 2 seaters, 50th operated DH4's.
  4. KIA: 21
  5. Wounded: 25
  6. Missing: 17
  7. Prisoner: 0
  8. Notes: 50th later operated with 5th Observation Group and was no longer part of 1st Observation by September 4*.

Observation Group 3rd AC

  1. Squadrons: 88th Aero Squadron
  2. Locations:
  3. Aircraft: Sophwith A2, Salmsons
  4. KIA: 9
  5. Wounded: 9
  6. Missing: 5
  7. Prisoner: 0

Observation Group 4th AC

  1. Squadrons: 8th, 135th and 90th Aero Squadrons
  2. Locations: Kelly Field (Aug. 20, 1917), Colombey-les-Belles (Nov. 20, 1917), Amanty (Apr. 19), Ourches (June 13)
  3. Aircraft: Sopwith 1 1/2 Strutter, Salmsons, Breguet 14
  4. KIA:
  5. Wounded:
  6. Missing:
  7. Prisoner:
  8. Notes: 90th operated with 1st Observation Group from April 19-June 12, 1918.

Observation Group 5th AC

  1. Squadrons: 99th and 104th Aero Squadrons
  2. Locations: Souilly (* Sept. 4), Foucacourt
  3. Aircraft: Salmson
  4. KIA: 7
  5. Wounded: 11
  6. Missing: 2
  7. Prisoner: 1
  8. Notes: 50th later operated with 5th Observation Group and was no longer part of 1st Observation by September 4*.

Observation Group 7th AC

  1. Squadrons: 258th Aero Squadron
  2. Locations:
  3. Aircraft:
  4. Squadrons:
  5. KIA:
  6. Wounded:
  7. Missing:
  8. Prisoner:
  9. Notes: Not in operation as of September 4*.

BEF

  1. Squadrons: Trans. Flt. 92nd, 148th, 17th and 1st Obs. Flight of 183rd Aero Squadrons
  2. Locations:
  3. Aircraft:
  4. Squadrons:
  5. KIA:
  6. Wounded:
  7. Missing:
  8. Prisoner:

**Gorrell's, roll 49.
***www.acepilots.com
Selected 90th Aero Squadron, 94th Aero Squadron data from - http://afhra.maxwell.af.mil

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